Procedure Flutter Ablation

Flutter ablation

Catheter ablation for typical (CTI) atrial flutter:

Catheter ablation for atrial flutter is an effective treatment. Age and comorbidities influence the management options. Procedural success is estimated at >95%. <5-10% may need to have this procedure again. More than 50% of people with atrial flutter only go onto develop AF at some stage.

What are the risks of having an AF ablation?

They include but are not limited to the following.

Common risks and complications (more than 5%) include:
• Bruising bleeding at the puncture site. Bruising can extend beyond the puncture site and can take a few weeks to improve in some cases.

Uncommon risks and complications (1- 5%) include:

  • Blood clot in the leg (DVT) causing pain and swelling. In rare cases part of the clot may break off and go to the lungs called pulmonary embolus.
  • Damage to normal electrical system requiring a permanent pacemaker

Rare risks and complications (less than 1%) include:

  • Injury to the food pipe related to the ultrasound or temperature probe used during the procedure.
  • Death because of this procedure is rare

What are the costs involved with an ablation?

If you are having this procedure in a public hospital as a public patient, the cost is covered by Medicare.  If you are having this procedure in a private hospital, there is no additional out of pocket cost for our specialists. The usual hospital excess applies. Some anaesthetists have an out-of-pocket cost that we encourage you to discuss prior to your planned procedure.

How do I prepare for an ablation?

You will receive a letter with instructions and steps required prior to your procedure including, date of admission, fasting instructions, medications to stop and items to bring with you.

In General, do not eat or drink for 6 hours before your procedure. Ask your doctor about taking your usual medications. Blood thinners are usually continued for flutter ablation procedure. If you take SGLT2 medicine for heart failure or diabetes, you will need to stop taking them at least 3 days before your surgery. Leave any personal items of value such as jewellery at home.

What happens when you arrive at the hospital?

Once you arrive at the hospital for your procedure, you will usually be directed to the cardiac catheter laboratory admission area where you will be formally admitted as a hospital patient. You will be asked to change into hospital gown and put away all your valuable belongings. You will have some basic tests such as ECG, have your vitals recorded, groin shaved and have a cannula inserted into your arm to assist with the procedure. The technologists will place special stickers and wires on your chest and back.

Ablation will be performed under general anaesthesia which requires an anaesthetist. The anaesthetist will speak with you about their role. You will require an arterial line to monitor your blood pressure during the ablation that carries some risk of complications.

What happens during the procedure?

You will be transferred to the catheter laboratory and will have to lie on a narrow hard bed under the X-ray machine. The anaesthetist will get you off to sleep (general anaesthesia). Local anaesthetic is administered at the groin which numbs the area. Four small tubes called sheaths are passed into the vein in the right groin through which catheters are inserted and gently passed up until they reach your heart. An X-ray machine guides the catheters to your heart. A special ultrasound camera called a trans oesophageal echo (TOE) probe maybe advanced via your mouth into your oesophagus (gullet) that sits next to your heart. With this we check for any clots in the heart prior to any ablation. If a clot is found, the procedure will have to be abandoned. Additional blood thinners are usually given to thin the blood further to prevent a stroke. The TOE probe is usually removed. A mapping catheter maybe advanced into the RA to make a 3-D model which identifies the structures of relevance. An ablation catheter is advanced into the right atrium that applies the radiofrequency energy around the cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) to terminate the atrial flutter circuit. The catheter ablation procedure can take 1 hr or more in some cases. In some cases, additional unexpected rhythms become apparent. You doctor will proceed to further ablation if required to prevent you having to return for a second procedure.

What happens after an ablation?

At the end of your procedure, your doctor will remove the catheters and apply pressure, followed by a simple dressing. You may have a little device applying pressure at the puncture site for a few hours. You’ll be watched closely in a recovery area, and depending on how you feel, you might need to rest in bed for a while. You will be admitted to the ward for observation overnight with rhythm monitoring. You are generally required to lay flat on your back for about 4 hours after your procedure. People are usually discharged the next day.

What happens after discharge?

Follow up:

  • An appointment will be made for you to be seen in clinic about 2 months after the procedure
  • If you do not receive a date for an appointment within 8 weeks, please call the clinic and ask to speak to the secretary


  • Continue your medications as instructed. If you are uncertain about your medications, please ring the rooms for clarification
  • Your flutter medications may be discontinued following the ablation or weaned over 2-3 months

Postoperative care:

  • Avoid strenuous exercise for 1 week
  • Start with gentle exercise after 1 weeks – e.g. walking.

Symptoms to monitor:

  • It is not uncommon to have a bruise at the groin that extends / spreads after the ablation. This usually resolves over time without any other problems.
  • You will need to be aware of the potential for AF in the future
  • Bleeding: It is rare to have severe bleeding from the puncture site once you are at home. If bleeding does occur you must: lie flat, apply pressure to the site for 10 minutes. If it continues, call an ambulance for assistance.

Please contact my secretary if you have any questions or concerns at any time.

In recommending this procedure your doctor has balanced the benefits and risks of the procedure against the benefits and risks of not proceeding. Your doctor believes there is a net benefit to you going ahead. This is a very complicated assessment.

Download the atrial flutter patient information sheet {link to atrial flutter information sheet}

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